Chapman Law Review
In recent years, attacks upon the adversary system have been unprecedented in their breadth and intensity, and at times have been "scathing [and] venomous." For example, at a conference of twenty-five of the country's "professional elite" (most of them lawyers and judges) the adversary system was "thoroughly savaged." Efforts by the conferees to produce an acceptable alternative to the adversary system ended unsuccessfully on a "note of resignation.
It is not coincidental that these attacks on the adversary system have taken place in the context of critical analyses of lawyers' ethics. Critics concerned with the negative aspects of zealous, client- centered advocacy have recognized that the reforms they believe necessary in lawyers' ethics can come about only through a radical restructuring of the adversary system itself.
Monroe H. Freedman,
Our Constitutionalized Adversary System, 1 Chap. L. Rev. 57
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