Furman v. Georgia has effectively abolished capital punishment in the United States for the time being. Five justices concluded, on varying grounds, that capital punishment, per se, or as applied, violates the Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause of the Eighth Amendment.
"Furman v. Georgia: Will the Death of Capital Punishment Mean a New Life for Bail?,"
Hofstra Law Review: Vol. 2
, Article 15.
Available at: http://scholarlycommons.law.hofstra.edu/hlr/vol2/iss1/15