The article presents practical advice regarding how plaintiffs in the U.S. may establish premises liability in lawsuits which deal with accidents caused by invisible and unseen ice (black ice). Legal liability is mentioned, along with the legal aspects of dangerous conditions that are not visible or apparent to property owners in places such as New York. Common law distinctions involving trespassers, licensees, and invitees are examined, along with a constructive notice doctrine.
Dillon, Hon. Mark C.
"Breaking The Ice: How Plaintiffs May Establish Premises Liability in "Back Ice" Cases Where the Dangerous Condition is by Definition Not Visible or Apparent to Property Owners,"
Hofstra Law Review: Vol. 43
, Article 3.
Available at: http://scholarlycommons.law.hofstra.edu/hlr/vol43/iss3/3