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Fordham Urban Law Journal

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When I was a young man, I was doing a lot of civil rights, civil liberties, and indigent criminal defense work, and I believed in the constitutionalized adversarial system. I believed in the constitutional rights of the Fifth Amendment and the Sixth Amendment, due process of law, the right to the effective assistance of counsel, the right to trial including an advocate who was going to be your champion against a hostile world.

I believed in the standard of proof beyond a reasonable doubt. I believed in the right to confront witnesses against you, the privilege against self-incrimination, equal protection of the laws, and of the right of autonomy of each of us to decide the important things in his or her life.


Eleventh Annual Symposium on Contemporary Urban Challenges - Problem Solving Courts: From Adversarial Litigation to Innovative Jurisprudence --Panel Discussion held on Friday, March 2, 2002.

Panel discussion begins on page 2041.