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Pace International Law Review

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Globalization affects the social and political construction of a gendered "change of world" in four distinct but overlapping ways. First, globalization propels women into the public sphere of the marketplace. Like men, women need cash to survive in a global economy. Second, related but distinct, globalization weakens the public/private distinction. Traditional boundaries between the workplace and the home, the public sphere of the market and the private sphere of the family, become increasingly porous. Third, globalization increases women's visibility -through media exposure and through a growing body of sex-disaggregated UN data and its dissemination through the Internet. Researchers have noted and begun to correct the relative lack of such data and the resultant economic invisibility of the world's women, especially the most marginalized. Fourth, and finally, as a function of the first three factors and as an independent phenomenon, globalization engenders "feminist" consciousness. Women increasingly see themselves as women; that is, gender - like nationality or race - is explicitly recognized as an aspect of identity.