American College of Trust and Estate Counsel Journal
This article explores the circumstances under which a person who does not contribute property to a trust can be considered its "owner" for income tax purposes. The article focuses particularly on whether the a beneficiary's power to distribute trust property to himself or herself, subject to an "ascertainable standard," should be treated as the income tax owner of some portion of the trust property. The article then examines whether a holder of an unrestricted power of withdrawal that has lapsed may continue to be treated for income tax purposes as the owner of some portion of the trust property.
Jonathan G. Blattmachr, Mitchell M. Gans, and Alvina H. Lo,
A Beneficiary as Trust Owner: Decoding Section 678, 35 ACTEC Journal 106
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.law.hofstra.edu/faculty_scholarship/525
Also available at https://ssrn.com/abstract=1511910