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New York University Law Review

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This Note will demonstrate that, as understood by most courts and legislatures, the clergy-penitent privilege does not conform completely to the requirements of the First Amendment. As a result, the privilege at times violates the Amendment's Establishment Clause by unduly preferencing religion. Additionally, at other times the privilege's protections are insufficient, offending the notions of religious liberty and tolerance upon which both the First Amendment's Establishment Clause and Free Exercise Clause were built.



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