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As we await a ruling from the Supreme Court in Obergefell v. Hodges, the case that will decide whether states may constitutionally deny the celebration and recognition of marriages by same-sex couples, we see signs of struggle from states that have dreaded this moment. Indiana created a firestorm with the enactment of a law designed to allow various forms of sexual orientation discrimination in the name of religious freedom—a legislative protest of sorts against the growing spread of marriage equality across the nation, including in Indiana. Arkansas was headed in that direction, but held off when it saw the potential economic costs from boycotts and other protests of perceived state intolerance toward gays, lesbians, and their marriages.



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