Hofstra Labor & Employment Law Journal


Ann C. Hodges


Professor Hodges discusses the 2004 decision of the National Labor Relations Board in IBM Corp., and how this decision illustrates two major problems with current workplace regulation. First, there are two distinct but overlapping systems - the individual and the collective - which often collide. The result is, at best, an imperfect realization of rights under both systems, and perhaps more often, the sacrifice of rights under one to right under the other. Second, the multitude of forums available for litigation results in multiple claims arising out of the same action, as well as tribunals deciding issues outside their expertise. The article considers the costs and benefits of the current regulatory system for employers and employees, and makes some broad suggestions for change, urging a revitalization of the collective system and creation of a system of labor courts to resolve workplace disputes.



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