Hofstra Law Review


Amin R. Yacoub


The misapplication of vague international investment standards such as the Full Protection and Security has worsened the legitimacy crisis facing the Investor-State-Dispute-Settlement field. Such misapplication emanates from the fragmentation of international law in the investment arbitration field, the absence of stare decisis, and the lack of a unified interpretive methodology connecting relevant subfields of international law in investment arbitration.

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