Document Type

Trial Proceeding

Publication Date


Article Footnote

Article 1, footnote 63

Book Footnote

Chapter 2, footnote 24


In the fall of 1749, the widow Elizabeth Bird of Portsmouth, New Hampshire complained in forma pauperis to the Superior Court that her son John Bird, age fourteen, was apprenticed to a ropemaker named Richard Winter but that the latter (who was in prison) had for a long period neglected John--failing “to provide suitable and sufficient meat drink lodging and clothing” and not permitting him to attend public worship. She prayed simply for “the advisement of this Court on the Premises and that your complainant may have some relief in the Premises.

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